A long connection to the earth – facts about diamonds
Diamonds have a long connection with our earth. Most of us know diamonds are a tough stone and are popular in rings but here are few facts you may not have known.
According to the ancient Romans and Greeks, diamonds were tears cried by the gods or splinters from falling stars, or Cupid’s arrows were tipped with diamonds (maybe this is where the notion of romantic love came from).
Diamonds are billions of years old—in some cases more than three billion years old.
They are formed 120 kilometres underground and are delivered to us by volcanic eruptions.
Are almost 100% carbon and are created under enormous pressure and heat.
Diamonds are made beautiful by the incredible way the carbon atoms bond – this is what gives them the rare crystalline structures.
Like many words, diamond comes from the Greek word “adamas,”. This means invincible or indestructible.
Is the hardest natural substance on the planet – the only thing that can scratch a diamond is another one.
Diamonds were used in as eyes in statues by the Hindus to protect people from danger.
They were also used to give people strength and courage in ancient battles.
Diamonds were also thought to have healing properties. Healers during the Middle Ages used them to treat anything from fatigue to mental illness.
Where do you get diamonds? Well, that has changed over time. In the 1044s, it was India. In the 1700s, it was Brazil. In the 1800s, a huge diamond reserve was discovered in South Africa. Fast forward to today, diamonds come from Canada, Botswana, Namibia, and Russia.
Imagine wearing 3,106 carats on your finger. That is how big the largest diamond ever was. It was called the Cullinan diamond and was discovered in 1905 in South Africa. It was given as a gift to King Edward. The Cullinan was eventually cut into nine large diamonds and 100 smaller ones, and the three largest of these are on display in the Tower of London as part of the crown jewels.
The first known use of a diamond engagement ring took place in 1477, when Archduke Maxmillian of Austria gave Mary of Burgundy a gold ring featuring an M spelled out in diamonds.
Synthetic vs real - both display the same chemical structure and physical properties that professional gemologists can’t tell the difference.
Who wants to travel to a planet that is mostly carbon? That is one big diamond planet. In 2004, scientists discovered the planet that orbits a nearby star in the Milky Way. 55 Cancrie is one third diamonds.
Even better, scientists have discovered a star that is essentially a diamond of ten billion trillion trillion carats. It is called star Lucy after the Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds